Biomass energy is one of the carbon neutral technology. Biomass energy results from the conversion of animal and plant organic matter. Biomass energy production emits zero carbon to the environment, therefore, protects the atmosphere from harm than fossil fuel. Cautious production of biomass results to no emission of carbon to the atmosphere maintaining the recommended amount of carbon dioxide in the air. Apart from zero production of coal, biomass produces minimal amounts of sulfur that in turn prevents acidic rain. To reduce carbon and sulfur emission to the atmosphere, the use of biomass energy should be encouraged and fossil fuels abandoned.
Cofiring and gasification are the methods that are used during the conversion of biomass. Cofiring is achieved through direct combustion of biomass in the presence of fuel to generate power. In comparison with gasification, co-firing produces minimal amounts of carbon and sulfur that are emitted to the atmosphere. The process of conversion of carbonaceous animal and plant feedstock in high pressure is referred to as gasification. The products of gasification are then converted to energy through a series of steps while using heat exchangers and scrubbers.
Minimal emission of methane which is a hydrocarbon to the atmosphere another advantage of biomass energy. Methane is one of the leading causes of global warming when released to the air. During the decomposition of organic matter of plants and animals to produce biomass, methane is used to generate energy. The large quantities of plant and animal was that are disposed of in landfill sites can be converted to energy before they are translated into hazardous carbon dioxide. Biomass energy can be utilized in a wide range of areas except for the desert areas where the plants cannot quickly grow. In areas with deficient energy resources, biomass plants can be used for power generation.
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Biomass is a more reliable source of energy as compared to other forms such as solar power and geothermal energy. Since it is independent of sunlight and wind, biomass energy can be produced in many sectors. For companies that are producing biomass waste can cut their maintenance cost by producing biomass energy.
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Biomass pellet mills are responsible for the conversion of the animal and plant waste into a form that can be easily converted to energy. Pellet mills are built to handle the processing of wide range of wastes. The amount of humidity and size of particle of animal and plant waste also determines the effectiveness of the biomass pellet mill.