Benefits of Carbon Neutral Technology Such as Biomass
Biomass energy is one of the carbon neutral technology. Biomass energy results from the conversion of animal and plant organic matter. Biomass energy production emits zero carbon to the environment, therefore, protects the atmosphere from harm than fossil fuel. Cautious production of biomass results to no emission of carbon to the atmosphere maintaining the recommended amount of carbon dioxide in the air. Apart from zero production of coal, biomass produces minimal amounts of sulfur that in turn prevents acidic rain. Therefore, to stop the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, use carbon neutral sources such as biomass should be encouraged.
Cofiring and gasification are the methods that are used during the conversion of biomass.Cofiring which involves the direct combustion of coal together with biomass to produce energy. In comparison with gasification, co-firing produces minimal amounts of carbon and sulfur that are emitted to the atmosphere. The process of conversion of carbonaceous animal and plant feedstock in high pressure is referred to as gasification. Therefore the products that are obtained from the process of gasification goes through a series of steps to convert them to the user required.
Apart from carbon neutrality another benefit that comes with use of biomass is reduced amount of methane produced. Methane is one of the leading causes of global warming when released to the air. During the decomposition of organic matter of plants and animals to produce biomass, methane is used to generate energy. The large quantities of plant and animal was that are disposed of in landfill sites can be converted to energy before they are translated into hazardous carbon dioxide. Biomass being readily available it is used as a source of energy in most of the developing countries except for desert areas. In areas with deficient energy resources, biomass plants can be used for power generation.
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Regarding reliability, biomass is more stable as compared to solar that depends on sunlight and geothermal energy. Biomass energy production is possible in many areas since it is independent of sunlight or wind. Company biomass waste can also be converted to energy that can be used in running machinery without relying on an external source reducing the costs of operation.
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The waste from the plants and animals are taken to the pellet mills to convert them to forms that can be transformed to energy. A good pallet mills should be constructed in such a way that it can handle a broad spectrum of wastes. The efficiency and productivity of the pallet mill depends on the amount of moisture that is present in the raw material and the size of the particle.